Peer-reviewed journal articles

Enrique, A., Eilert, N., Wogan, R., Duffy, D., Earley, C., Palacios, J., Timulak, L., Richards, D. (2021). Are Changes in Beliefs about Rumination and in Emotion Regulation Skills Mediators of the Effects of Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Depression and Anxiety? Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Cognitive Therapy and Research. Link to Paper

Palacios, J., Adegoke, A., Wogan, R., Duffy, D., Earley, C., Eilert, N., Enrique, A., Sollesse, S., Chapman, J., Richards, D. (in review). Comparison of Outcomes Across Low-Intensity Psychological Interventions for Depression and Anxiety within a Stepped-Care Setting: A Naturalistic Cohort Study Using Propensity Score Modelling.

Eilert, N., Timulak, L., Duffy, D., Earley, C., Enrique, A., Kennedy, P., McCormack, C., Palacios, J., Wogan, R., Richards, D. (in review). Following up internet-delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT): A Longitudinal Qualitative Investigation of Clients’ Usage of CBT Skills.

Nadal, C., Earley, C., Enrique, A, Vigano, N., Sas, C., Richards, D., Doherty, G. (2021). Integration of a smartwatch within an internet-delivered intervention for depression: Protocol for a feasibility randomized controlled trial on acceptance. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 103:106323. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106323. PMID: 33621632. Link to Paper

Akkol-Solakoglu, S., Hevey, D., Richards, D. (2021). A randomised controlled trial of an adapted internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) with main carer access for depression and anxiety among breast cancer survivors: study protocol. Internet Interventions. 24, 100367. Link to Paper

Furukawa, T.A., Suganuma, A., Ostinelli, E.G., et al. (2021). Dismantling , optimising , and personalising internet cognitive behavioural therapy for depression: a systematic review and component network meta-analysis using individual participant data. Lancet Psychiatry. Link to paper

Karyotaki, E., Efthimiou, O., Miguel, C., Maas genannt Bermpohl, F., Riper, H., Patel, V., Mira, A., Furukawa, T., Cuijpers, P. and the Individual Patient Data Meta-Analyses for Depression (IPDMA-DE) Collaboration (2021). Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression: An Individual Patient Data Network Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry.  Link to Paper.

Mohr, D.C., Azocar, F., Bertagnolli, A., Choudhury, T., Chrisp, P., Frank, R., Harbin, H., Histon, T., Kaysen, D., Nebeker, C., Richards, D., Schueller, S.M., Titov, N., Torous, J.,  Areán, P.A., on behalf of the Banbury Forum on Digital Mental Health (2021). Banbury Forum Consensus Statement on the Path Forward for Digital Mental Health Treatment. Psychiatric Services. Link to Paper.

Franklin, M., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., Richards, D. (2021). Psychometric assessment of EQ-5D-5L and ReQoL measures in patients with anxiety and depression: construct validity and responsiveness. Quality of Life ResearchLink to Paper.

Inkster B and Digital Mental Health Digital Insights Group (2021). Early Warning Signs of a Mental Health Tsunami: A Coordinated Response to Gather Initial Data Insights From Multiple Digital Services Providers. Frontiers Digital Health 2:578902. Link to Paper.

Palacios, J., Enrique, A., Mooney, O., Farrell, S., Earley, C., Duffy, D., Eilert, N., Timulak, L., Richards, D. (in review). The durability of treatment effects following internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and anxiety: A 12-month follow-up study within a routine care setting.

Wogan, R., Enrique, A., Adegoke, A., Earley, C., Sollesse, S., Gale, S., Chellingsworth, M., Richards, D. (in review). Internet-delivered CBT intervention (Space for Sleep) for sleep disorder in a routine care setting: Results from an open pilot study.

Franklin, M., Maree Hunter, R., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., Richards, D. (in review). Estimating cost-effectiveness using the EQ-5D-5L and ReQoL-UI in people with anxiety and depression: exploring the dynamics of the QALY.

Lawler, K., Earley, C., Timulak, L., Enrique, A., Richards, D. (in review). Dropout from an internet-delivered CBT intervention for adults with depression and anxiety: A qualitative study.


Peer-reviewed journal articles

Richards, D., Enrique, A., Eilert, N., Franklin, M., Palacios, J., Duffy, D., Earley, C., Chapman, J., Jell, G., Sollesse, S., Timulak, L. (2020). A pragmatic randomized waitlist-controlled effectiveness and cost-effectiveness trial of digital interventions for depression and anxiety. npj Digital Medicine. 3, 85. Link to Paper

Chien, I., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., Regan, T., Keegan, D., Carter, D., Tschiatschek, S., Nori, A., Thieme, A., Richards, D., Doherty, G., Belgrave, D. (2020). A machine learning approach to understanding patterns of engagement with internet-delivered mental health interventions. JAMA Network Open 3(7):e2010791. Link to Paper

Eilert, N., Enrique, A., Wogan, R., Mooney, O., Timulak, L., Richards, D. (2020). The Effectiveness of Internet-Delivered Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: an Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Depression and Anxiety. Link to Paper

Enrique, A., Duffy, D., Lawler, K., Richards, D., Jones, S., (2020) An internet-delivered self-management program for Bipolar Disorder in mental health services in Ireland. Results and learnings from a feasibility trial. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. Link to Paper

Enrique, A., Mooney, O., Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Lee, C.T., Farrell, S., Richards, D. (2020). Assessing the efficacy and acceptability of a web-based intervention for resilience among college students: Pilot randomised control trial. JMIR Formative Research. Link to Paper

Duffy, D., Enrique, A., Connell, S., Connolly, C., & Richards, D. (2020). Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy as a prequel to face-to-face therapy for depression and anxiety: A naturalistic observation. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10:902. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00902. Link to Paper

Jardine, J., Earley, C., Richards, D., Timulak, L., Palacios, J.E., Duffy, D., Doherty, G., (2020). The experience of guided online therapy: A longitudinal, qualitative analysis of client feedback in a naturalistic RCT. Paper presented at the CHI ’20: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Proceedings, Hawai’i. Link to Paper

Chikersal, P., Belgrave, D., Doherty, G., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., Richards, D., Thieme, A. (2020). Understanding Client Support Strategies to Improve Clinical Outcomes in an Online Mental Health Intervention. Paper presented at the CHI ’20: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Proceedings, Hawai’i. Link to Paper

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., Timulak, L., Connell, S., Mojica-Perilla, M., Parra-Villa, Y.., Castro-Camacho, L. (2020) Efficacy of a Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behavioural Internet-delivered Treatment for Depression. JMIR Mental Health, 6, 12, 1-20. Link to Paper


Book Chapters

Richards, D., Enrique, E., & Palacios, J. (2019). Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In S. Parry (Ed.), The Handbook of Brief Therapies: A Practical Guide. London: Sage. Link to Chapter

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Wright, J. H., Owen, J.J., Richards, D., Ells, T.D., Richardson, T., Brown, G.K., Barrett, M., Rasku, M.A., Polser, G., Thase, M. (2019). Computer-assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 80(2), 1-10. doi:10.4088/JCP.18r12188. Link to Paper

Enrique, A., Palacios, J.E., Ryan, H., Richards, D. (2019). Exploring the Relationship between usage and outcomes of an Internet-based intervention for individuals with Depressive Symptoms: Secondary analysis of data from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. Link to paper

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., Timulak, L., (2019) Adapting an Internet-delivered intervention for depression for Colombian college student population: An illustration of an integrative empirical approach. Internet Interventions, 15, 76-86. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2018.11.005. Link to Paper

Enrique, A., Mooney, O., Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Lee, C.T., Farrell, S., Richards, D. (2019) Assessing the efficacy and acceptability of an internet-delivered intervention for resilience among college students: A pilot randomised control trial protocol. Internet Interventions, 15, 1-7, Link to Paper

White Papers

Palacios, J. & Richards, D. (2019) Reducing costs and achieving a high return on investment through implementation and scaling of digital platforms for mental health treatment. White Paper. Link to paper


Book Chapters

Richards., D., Enrique, A., Palacios, J., & Duffy, D. (2018). Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In Ömer Şenormancı & G. Şenormancı (Eds.), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Clinical Applications (pp. 223-238). Netherlands: InTech. Link to Chapter

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Palacios, J. E., Richards, D., Palmer, R., Coudray, C., Hofmann, S. G., Palmieri, P. A., & Frazier, P. (2018). Supported Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Programs for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students: Open, Non-Randomised Trial of Acceptability, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction. JMIR Ment Health, 5(4), e11467. doi:10.2196/11467 Link to Paper

Richards, D., Duffy., D., Blackburn, B., Earley, C., Enrique, A., Palacios, J.E., Franklin, M., Clarke, G., Sollesse, S., Connell, S., Timulak, L. (2018). Digital IAPT: The effectiveness & cost-effectiveness of Internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety disorders in the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme: study protocol for a randomised control trial. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1639-5. Link to Paper

Salamanca-Sanabria, A., Richards, D., Timulak, L., Castro-Camacho, L., Mojica-Perilla, M., & Parra-Villa, Y. (2018). Assessing the efficacy of a culturally adapted cognitive behavioural internet-delivered treatment for depression: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1634-x Link to Paper

Richards, D., Dowling, M., O’Brien, E., Viganó, N., Timulak, L. (2018) Significant events in an internet-delivered (Space from Depression) intervention for depression. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 18, 35-48. doi:10.1002/capr.12142. Link To Paper

Wells, M.J., Owen, J.J., McCray, L.W., Bishop, L.B., Ells, T.D., Brown, G.K., Richards, D., Thase, M.E., Wright, J.H. (2018). Computer-assisted cognitive-behaviour therapy for depression in primary care: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Primary Care Companion for the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Link to Paper

Richards, D., Duffy, D., Burke, J., Anderson-Gibbons, M., Connell, S., Timulak, L. (2018).  Supported internet-delivered cognitive-behaviour treatment for adults with severe depressive symptoms: A secondary analysis. JMIR Mental Health, 5(4), e10204. doi:10.2196/10204. Link to Paper

Enrique, A., Burke, J., Richards, D., Timulak, L. (2018) Quality of life outcomes in internet-delivered (Space from depression) treatment for depression. Applied Research in Quality of Life. Link to Paper

Burke, J., Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2018). Helpful and Hindering Events in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Treatment for Generalized Anxiety. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-14. doi:10.1017/S1352465818000504. Link to Paper


Earley, C., Richards, D., Timulak, L. (2017). Preventing depression: examining the benefits of depression-focused iCBT for participants who do not meet clinical thresholds. Internet Interventions. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., Murphy, T., Viganó, N., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., & Hayes, C. (2017) Acceptability, satisfaction and perceived efficacy of “Space from Depression” an internet-delivered treatment for depression. Internet Interventions, 5, 12-22. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2016.06.007. Full Text Available Here

Palacios, J., Lee, G. A., Duaso, M., Clifton, A., Norman, I. J., Richards, D., & Barley, E. A. (2017). Internet-Delivered Self-management Support for Improving Coronary Heart Disease and Self-management-Related Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/jcn.0000000000000392. Full Text Available Here


Walsh, A., & Richards, D. (2016) Experiences and Engagement with the Design Features and Strategies of an Internet-Delivered Treatment Programme for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Service-Based Evaluation. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. doi:10.1080/03069885.2016.1153039 Link To Paper

Richards, D, Richardson, T., Timulak, L., Vigano, N, Mooney, J. Sharry, J., Doherty, G, & Hayes, C. (2016). Predictors of depression severity in a treatment-seeking sample. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. doi:  Full Text Available

Richards, D, Richardson, T., Timulak, L., Vigano, N, Mooney, J. (2016).  Predictores de la gravedad de la depresión en personas adultas que buscan tratamiento . International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. doi:  Full Text Available

Frazier, P., Richards, D., Mooney, J., Hofmann, S. G., Beidel, D., Palmieri, P. A., & Bonner, C. (2016). Acceptability and proof of concept of internet-delivered treatment for depression, anxiety, and stress in university students: protocol for an open feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 2(1). doi:10.1186/s40814-016-0068-9. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., Timulak, L., Rashleigh, C., McLoughlin, O., Colla, A., Joyce, C., . . . Duffy, D., Anderson-Gibbons, M. (2016). Effectiveness of an Internet-delivered intervention for generalized anxiety disorder in routine care: A randomised controlled trial in a student population. Internet Interventions, 6, 80-88. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2016.10.003. Full Text Available Here


Richards, D., Timulak, L., O’Brien, E., Hayes, C., Vigano, N., Sharry, J., & Doherty, G. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of an internet-delivered treatment: Its potential as a low-intensity community intervention for adults with symptoms of depression. Behaviour Research Therapy, 75, 20-31. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2015.10.005. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., Richardson, T., Timulak, L., & McElvaney, J. (2015). The efficacy of online delivered treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Internet Interventions, 2(3), 272-282. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2015.07.003. Full Text Available Here

Barley, E. A., Clifton, A., Lee, G., Norman, I., O’Callaghan, D., Tierney, K., Richards, D. (2015) The Space From Heart Disease Intervention for People With Cardiovascular Disease and Distress: A Mixed-Methods Study. JMIR Res Protocols, 4(3), e81. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4280. Full Text Available Here


Richards, D., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., Colla, A., Joyce, C., & Hayes, C. (2014). Internet-delivered treatment: its potential as a low-intensity community intervention for adults with symptoms of depression: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 14(147), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-147. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., Timulak, L., Doherty, G., Sharry, J., McLoughlin, O., Rashleigh, C., . . . Joyce, C. (2014). Low-intensity internet-delivered treatment for generalized anxiety symptoms in routine care: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15(145), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-145. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., & Salamanca, A. (2014). Point-prevalence of depression and associated risk factors. The journal of psychology: Interdisciplinary and applied, 148(3), 305-326. Full Text Available Here


Richards, D., Timulak, L., & Hevey, D. (2012). A comparison of two online cognitive-behavioural interventions for symptoms of depression in a student population: The role of therapist responsiveness. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 13(3), 184-193. doi: 10.1080/14733145.2012.733715. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D. (2013). Developments in technology-delivered psychological interventions. Universitas Psychologica, 12(2), 571-579.Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., & Viganó, N. (2013). Online Counseling: A Narrative and Critical Review of the Literature. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(9), 994-1011. doi:10.1002/jclp.21974. Text Available here


Richards, D., & Richardson, T. (2012). Computer-based psychological treatments for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 32(4), 329-342. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.02.004. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2012). Client-identified helpful and hindering events in therapist-delivered vs. self-administered online cognitive-behavioural treatments for depression in college students. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 25(3), 251-262. doi: 10.1080/09515070.2012.703129. Full Text Available Here

Richards, D., & Timulak, L. (2012). Satisfaction with therapist-delivered vs. self-administered online cognitive-behavioural treatments for depression symptoms in college students. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 41(2), 193-207. doi: 10.1080/03069885.2012.726347. Full Text Available Here


Richards, D. (2011). Prevalence and clinical course of depression: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(7), 1117-1125. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.07.004. Full Text Available Here